The Idea of the Oriental and the Occidental in Kim, A Passage to India and East, West

Amrita Satapathy. PhD


Once upon a time the East was called as the exotic
Orient and the West, as capitalist Occident. Novels by Kipling
and Forster highlighted this dichotomy through their stories.
This article aims to show that East and West are not mere
isolated constructs; later novels are examples of this fact. East
and West have common points of referents and can coalesce to
form a ‘contact zone’. This article through illustrations from
different novels belonging to different time frames, aims to show
this point of “in-between-ness”.


Occident; Orient; Rudyard Kipling; E.M. Forster; Salman Rushdie; East; West; Hybridity; Ambivalence

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