Correlational Study: Patient’s Characteristics and Quality of Life (QoL) in Patients with Chronic Renal Diseases Undergoing Hemodialysis in Gambiran Hospital, East Java Indonesia

Chandra Isabella Hostanida Purba, Rosalina Moni .


Background. Chronic kidney disease
(CKD) is one of the most terrible health problems. Most
of these patients choose to be placed on hemodialysis
which can be debilitating and can threaten body image,
finances, independency, and quality of life (QoL).
Therefore it is important to conduct studies to identify
the related factors of quality of life in patients with
CKD undergoing dialysis to determine what strategies
can be implemented to improve quality of life. This
study was aimed to identify the relationship between
patients’ characteristics and their quality of life.
Method: Twenty-nine patients with CKD undergoing
hemodialysis were recruited from a Hospital in Kediri,
East Java Indonesia. The patients’ quality was of life
measured using WHO-QoL BREF which consisted of 26
questions including physical and psychological
dimension, social, and environment dimension.
Descriptive statistic was used to analyze patients’
characteristics data and level of patients QoL, while the
relationship between both variable was analyzed by Chi
Square. Results: Almost all patients were Muslim
(96.55%), mostly male (72.4%), and more than half of
patients were over 51 years old (51.72%). Additionally,
more than half of patients (58.62%) had high QoL.
However, there was no significant relationship between
gender, religion, family relationship, and social activity
with patient’s quality of life. There was significant
relationship between age and educational state with
quality of life. Conclusion: It was concluded that
patients’ QoL in this area need an improvement. It also
is extensively recommended to further conduct study
with bigger sample and broader predisposing factor in
order to identifying build strong evidence in improving
patients QoL.


hemodialysis, quality of life, chronic kidney disease.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.