A Matched Case-Control Study to Identify Risk Determinants of Tuberculosis in Bangladesh

  • Malabika Sarker
  • Fahmida Homayra
  • A. H. M. Mahbub Latif
  • Mrittika Barua
  • Avijit Saha
  • Sukanta Paul
  • Rahima Akter
  • Shayela Islam
  • Akramul Islam

Abstract

According to the estimates of 2015, the global incidence rate for tuberculosis (TB) is 142 per 100,000 population [1]. In Bangladesh, the prevalence rate of TB is 382 per 100,000 population and incidence rate is 225 per 100,000 population [1], [2]. Over the years researchers primarily focused on socio- economic, cultural, and biological factors as the determinants of causation of TB. According to Hargreaves et al. (2011), global socio- economic inequalities, high population mobility, and rapid urbanization influenced key social determinants of TB such as malnutrition, food insecurity, poor environmental conditions, financial, cultural, and geographical factors [3]. These social determinants, in turn, affect the four stages pathogenesis of TB: exposure to infection, progression to disease, diagnosis and treatment, adherence, and success. According to WHO 2016 report, TB epidemic is more severe than it was previously estimated [1]. As developing countries in Asia and Africa are carrying major TB burden [1] and often face difficulties in accessing medical care, social and economic determinants of TB must be appropriately addressed together with the adequate implementation of the TB prevention programs.

Published
2018-01-26
How to Cite
SARKER, Malabika et al. A Matched Case-Control Study to Identify Risk Determinants of Tuberculosis in Bangladesh. GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JNHC), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, jan. 2018. ISSN 2345-7198. Available at: <http://dl6.globalstf.org/index.php/jnhc/article/view/1243>. Date accessed: 17 june 2019.