Predicting Factors of Diabetic Foot Care Behaviors Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients

  • Estriana Murni Setiawati
  • Wipa Sae-Sia
  • Luppana Kitrungrote

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the
predictive factors of diabetic foot care behaviors among
Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The predictive
variables were diabetic foot care knowledge and perceived
facilitators. One hundred and sixty one of Muslim patients
with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Internal Medicine Clinic of Dr.
Moewardi Hospital participated. Data were collected using a
set of questionnaires consisted of the Personal Characteristic
Questionnaire, the Modified Foot Care Knowledge
Questionnaire, the Modified Foot Care Confident Scale
Questionnaire, the Perceived Facilitators Questionnaire, and
the Modified Diabetic Foot Care Behaviors Questionnaire. The
content was validated by three experts. The Scale-Content
Validity Index was between 0.94 and 1.00. The reliability of the
questionnaires was evaluated and acceptable values of
Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were obtained. Hierarchical
multiple regressions were employed to assess the predictors of
diabetic foot care behaviors. The results revealed that both of
diabetic foot care knowledge and perceived facilitators
accounted for 11% of total variance of diabetic foot care
behaviors (R2 change = 0.09). The result would help the nurses
provide health education to improve patients’ knowledge
related to diabetic foot care behaviors.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to examine the
predictive factors of diabetic foot care behaviors among
Muslim patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The predictive
variables were diabetic foot care knowledge and perceived
facilitators. One hundred and sixty one of Muslim patients
with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Internal Medicine Clinic of Dr.
Moewardi Hospital participated. Data were collected using a
set of questionnaires consisted of the Personal Characteristic
Questionnaire, the Modified Foot Care Knowledge
Questionnaire, the Modified Foot Care Confident Scale
Questionnaire, the Perceived Facilitators Questionnaire, and
the Modified Diabetic Foot Care Behaviors Questionnaire. The
content was validated by three experts. The Scale-Content
Validity Index was between 0.94 and 1.00. The reliability of the
questionnaires was evaluated and acceptable values of
Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were obtained. Hierarchical
multiple regressions were employed to assess the predictors of
diabetic foot care behaviors. The results revealed that both of
diabetic foot care knowledge and perceived facilitators
accounted for 11% of total variance of diabetic foot care
behaviors (R2 change = 0.09). The result would help the nurses
provide health education to improve patients’ knowledge
related to diabetic foot care behaviors.

Published
2018-01-25
How to Cite
SETIAWATI, Estriana Murni; SAE-SIA, Wipa; KITRUNGROTE, Luppana. Predicting Factors of Diabetic Foot Care Behaviors Among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. GSTF Journal of Nursing and Health Care (JNHC), [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, jan. 2018. ISSN 2345-7198. Available at: <http://dl6.globalstf.org/index.php/jnhc/article/view/1233>. Date accessed: 20 oct. 2018.