Using VIKOR Methodology for Ranking Universities by Academic Performance
Ranking universities by academic performance can be considered a multicriteria complex problem. Several ranking systems in the academic world have been implemented by the use of many criteria. In an effort to address the need of alternative academic performance evaluation systems, the purpose of this
study is to provide a multi-criteria model for ranking Turkish universities by academic performance. The model uses the VIKOR (Vise Kriterijumska Optimizacija I Kompromisno Resenje) tool that is a novel methodology developed for solving multi-criteria problems with conflicting and complex criteria. In the study, universities were ranked in accordance with the evaluation criteria such as number of articles, number of citations, number of PhD students, faculty student ratio and so on. The findings showed that the alternative ranking approach can be applied to obtain the overall academic performance of universities.