An Empirical Findings of the Carbon Footprint of Erbil City Residences
Erbil is the capital city of Kurdistan Province which has experienced recently an expansive urban development and sudden population growth due to the mass movement of the displaced people from the nearby troubled zones and rural emigration. In this paper, A face to face data were collected for 72 questions, informative results have been tabulated in charts and tables. The acquired results were reached to depict the energy usage, the recycling, monthly expenditures, transportations, food, electricity and water consumptions, energy for cooking, allocated landscape, heating sources, lighting and their responses to alternative energy usage. Different models for measuring sustainability have been adopted to measure the degree of sustainability in terms of CO2 emission, and carbon footprint for many residences. An overall measured carbon footprint for Erbil city is almost double the world average and of Iraq. On the other hand, the CO2 emission is almost double of Iraq and the world. The contributions of items that led to this increase are categorized in tables and charts. Those results can be used as guide lines for limiting the lifestyles in Erbil city. Conclusive remarks and future suggestions have been drawn accordingly to achieve sustainable guidelines to be implemented in future by the local authorities and planners.
Keywords- ecology, energy information; electricity; water; consumption; sustainability; residential houses; heating; transportation; food sources; life style; Cooling; ecology carbon; footprint; Carbon Dioxide, cooking, residences, mobility