Measures for Success in Dam Bottom Outlet Design

Pouya Amirsayafi


The present paper investigates measures for successful design of dam bottom outlets. First, some of definitions and functions of bottom outlets are provided. Associated challenges and solutions will be discussed. Different parts of bottom outlets like intake structures, conduit, control structure and outlet structures are discussed and measures for successful design for each of them are presented with related design cases. Also risk management measures for ensuring successful performance of bottom outlets are discussed with proper examples.


dams; bottom outlet; reservoirs

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