Environmental and Farmer’s Managerial Characteristic Effect toward Production and Technical Efficiency on Rice Farm in Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Triyono Triyono, Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo, Masyhuri Masyhuri, Jamhari Jamhari


The program of increasing food security by improving the productivity of farm production especially rice production through technology use and innovation face significant problem related to the land decreasing and quality of environmental and natural sources support. The study was aimed to identify technical factor, managerial, and environmental factor which influenced production and efficiency of rice farm production in Yogyakarta Special Province. The survey was conducted to rice farmers in rice field areas in 25 points of research location from 8 rivers those are the main sources of the irrigation system in Yogyakarta Special Province area. Data analyzing used stochastic frontier production function by inserting inefficiency effect model to identify determining factors of rice production as well as influential factors of rice farm production efficiency. The result showed that the land and total pesticide had positive influent toward rice production. Also, the farmer’s experience and the availability of credit access can increase the technical efficiency of rice farm production. The improvement of irrigation facility and irrigation water quality control became an important environmental issue that should get significant attention.


Efficiency; Managerial; Environment

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